WOD模式优劣势分析及改进策略研究
Analysis of Advantages and Disadvantages of Water-security-guarantee Oriented Development (WOD) Mode and Research on Improvement
投稿时间:2023-06-02  修订日期:2023-10-22
DOI:
中文关键词:  WOD模式  优势  劣势  试点先行  稳妥推行
英文关键词:WOD mode  Advantages  Disadvantages  Pilot first  Stable implementation
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
王蕾 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室 100038
朱江水 中国融通文化教育集团有限公司 
谢东 中国市政工程西北设计研究院有限公司 
张建红* 中国国际工程咨询有限公司 100048
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中文摘要:
      为顺利推广应用水安全保障导向的开发(WOD)模式,有必要深入分析WOD模式的运行机制、优势和劣势,并加以完善与改进。采用对比分析法对WOD模式的优劣势进行了系统分析,优势包括不增加政府负债、支持项目总体进行打包开发、一体化实施、支持资金来源多元化等,劣势包括行业跨度大、见效周期长、土地开发风险大、不易实现自平衡等。针对存在的短板提出了改进措施,包括完善投融资体制机制、建立可持续发展模式、探索多元化融资模式、政府承担部分项目资本金、充分利用水土资源优势、推动公益类项目和可开发经营性用地打包开发试点、鼓励金融机构尽早介入等。采用WOD模式丰富了现有水安全保障项目投融资方法,具有推广应用价值,但应试点先行、依法合规,稳妥有序推行。
英文摘要:
      In order to successfully promote the application of the Water-security-guarantee Oriented Development (WOD) mode, it is necessary to deeply analyze the operation mechanism, advantages and disadvantages of the WOD mode, and improve it. The comparative analysis method is used to systematically analyze the advantages and disadvantages of the WOD mode. The advantages include not increasing government debt, supporting overall project development and integrated implementation, diverse financing sources, etc. The disadvantages include large professional span, long construction period and slow effect, high risk of land development, and difficulty in achieving self-balancing. In view of the existing disadvantages, the improvement measures are put forward, including improving the investment and financing system and mechanism, establishing a sustainable development mode, innovating diversified financing mode, the government undertaking part of the project capital, taking the advantages of water and land resources, promoting commonweal projects and commercial land development package pilots, and encouraging early intervention of financial institutions . The WOD mode has enriched the existing investment and financing methods of water security guarantee projects, and has the value of popularization and application. However, it should be piloted first in accordance with laws and regulations, and implemented in a safe and orderly manner.
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