内蒙古干旱研究进展
Research Progress on Drought in Inner Mongolia
投稿时间:2022-03-05  修订日期:2022-06-05
DOI:
中文关键词:  干旱时空演变  干旱致因与影响  监测与预警方法  风险防控  内蒙古
英文关键词:Spatial-Temporal Evolution of Drought  Cause and Influence of Drought  Monitoring Model and Forecast Method  Risk Assessment and Prevention  Inner Mongolia
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
王菜林 赤峰学院 资源环境与建筑工程学院 024000
范帅邦 东北财经大学 公共管理学院 116025
布仁吉日嘎拉 赤峰学院 资源环境与建筑工程学院 
周倩 赤峰学院 资源环境与建筑工程学院 
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中文摘要:
      内蒙古频发的干旱制约着本区域社会经济发展与生态环境安全,摸清其研究现状可为本区域干旱防御与未来研究的重点提供参考。为此,本研究采用文献综述的方式,对近20年300余篇相关文献进行了梳理。研究发现:内蒙古干旱研究集中于时空演变特征、形成机理、自然与社会影响、干旱监测与预警、干旱治理和风险管理等6个方面;各类干旱指标在不同自然区域的适宜性基本得以厘清,同时揭示了干旱频发且严重地区的成因、影响及治理措施,初步形成了有效的干旱监测和风险管理体系;但缺乏对极端干旱动态过程及其对牧草、牲畜、牧民收入方面等影响研究,面向牧区的精细化干旱监测与预警模式有待建立,干旱对农业生产影响的研究较为薄弱,区域内干旱风险评估过程与指标缺乏标准。本研究明确了已往内蒙古干旱研究的侧重点和未来需深入探究的方向,可为后续相关研究的开展和科学制定干旱防御政策提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Frequent drought is an important factor limiting the regional socio-economic development and ecological environment security in Inner Mongolia. It could provide reference for drought defense and future research priorities to realize the research progress of drought research in Inner Mongolia. Thus, this paper analyzed 300 literatures with drought-related in the past 20 years by used the literature review method. Results found that: Drought research in Inner Mongolia mainly focuses on the spatial and temporal characteristics of drought, the causation mechanism analysis, impacts on vegetation and human society, drought monitoring, risk prevention and arid area management. Related studies have basically clarified the suitability of various drought indicators in different natural regions of Inner Mongolia which has improved the reliability of drought measurement and have the deep study in the conducted on the causes, impacts and governance of drought in high-frequency and high-intensity areas; and then the drought monitoring effective and risk management system has been initially formed, which has strong practicability. But it is scarce to study the influence of the dynamic process of extreme drought and it’s impacts on the forage, livestock and herdsmen’s income; the elaborating drought monitoring model needs to be established for pastoral areas; studies on the effects of drought on agricultural production are weak; the evaluation process and indicators of drought risk lack standards. This study clarified the focus of the existing research on drought in Inner Mongolia and the direction that still needs to be studied, which could provide a reference for the follow-up related studies and the designing drought defense policies.
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