喻朝庆.[J].中国水利水电科学研究院学报,,():
A progress review of international drought management and its referential value to China
  
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中文关键词:  
英文关键词:drought  drought severity index  risk management  regulations  sustainable development
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作者单位
喻朝庆 中国水利水电科学研究院防洪抗旱减灾所, 北京 100038 
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英文摘要:
      The author reviews the basic concepts of drought and drought disaster, introduces a set of drought severity indices, managing modes, and policies and regulations relating to drought . The mainstream of the international drought management has changed from the tradit ional react ive crisis management to integrated proactive risk management. By means of referencing several typical international drought management modes in Australia, USA, South Africa, and UK, the author suggests to improve China. s drought management in following aspects: clearly defining goals and management standards, sustainable water supplies, groundwater recovering and reserving in Northern China, and quant ifying drought monitoring and risk assessment. This paper also introduces some detailed drough-t management rules in Pennsylvania, USA, which could be valuable for the ongoing policymaking process in China.
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