潘家铮.水利建设中的哲学思考[J].中国水利水电科学研究院学报,2003,(1):
水利建设中的哲学思考
Some philosophical thinking about water project construction
  
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中文关键词:  水利建设  哲学  成功与失败  认识与思考
英文关键词:water project construction  philosophy  success and failure  knowledge and thinking
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潘家铮 中国工程院, 北京100038 
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中文摘要:
      水利建设是国民经济基础设施建设的一个重要方面, 水利工程师要掌握许多现代科学技术知识, 还需要从更高层次上进行全面综合的思考。本文作者从50 多年水利水电建设生涯中的经验出发, 对水利建设中的若干方面从哲学的高度进行了分析与思考。用古今中外先哲的学术思想和日常生活的实际例子, 对水利建设的利与弊、成与败、成本与效益、确定性与风险度、方法的精细与综合、材料的强与弱、规范的粗与细、避害与利废、慎重与创新等多个方面进行了历史的、辨证的和唯物的反思与阐述。
英文摘要:
      Water project construction is one of the most important infrastructures in the national economy development. In order to work well, hydraulic engineers not only have to master a set of knowledge of modern science and technology, but also should ponder over at a higher point of view and from all aspects concerned. The author made a historical, dialectical and materialistic interprestation on many aspects encountered in the development of water resources and hydropower, based on his 50-year career experience. Some brilliant expositions were presented, by quoting academic ideas of ancestors and using examples of daily life, about advantage and disdvantage, success and failure, definiteness and risk, details and integrations, strength and weakness of materials, outline and details of codes, harm prevention and waste utilization, carefulness and renovat ion, etc.
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