王彦兵,张强,郭铭群,刘永奇,王玉杰,刘立鹏.岩层产状对层状岩体地下厂房围岩松弛变形特征影响分析[J].中国水利水电科学研究院学报,2021,19(6):566-572
岩层产状对层状岩体地下厂房围岩松弛变形特征影响分析
Analysis of the influence of bedding attitude on the relaxation deformation characteristics of surrounding rock of underground powerhouse within layered rock mass
投稿时间:2021-02-19  
DOI:10.13244/j.cnki.jiwhr.20210043
中文关键词:  地下厂房  层状岩体  岩层产状  松弛变形特征  三维块体离散元
英文关键词:underground powerhouse  layered rock mass  bedding attitude  relaxation deformation characteristics  3DEC
基金项目:国家电网科技项目(2000-201956442A0-0-00)
作者单位E-mail
王彦兵 国网经济技术研究院有限公司, 北京 102209  
张强 中国水利水电科学研究院, 北京 100048 zhangq@iwhr.com 
郭铭群 国网经济技术研究院有限公司, 北京 102209  
刘永奇 国家电网有限公司, 北京 100031  
王玉杰 中国水利水电科学研究院, 北京 100048  
刘立鹏 中国水利水电科学研究院, 北京 100048  
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中文摘要:
      针对层状岩体地下厂房围岩变形稳定问题,本文基于三维块体离散元软件(3DEC),采用数值模拟,研究岩层产状对层状岩体地下厂房围岩松弛变形特征的影响规律。研究结果表明,当岩层倾角小于30°时,厂房开挖后围岩最大变形发生在顶拱和底板部位,当岩层倾角大于60°时,最大变形发生在边墙部位;在相同条件下,随着岩层倾角的增加,厂房开挖后围岩的最大变形量和松弛区的深度表现出了先增大后减小的趋势,且当岩层倾角到达60°~70°时,其达到了峰值;随着厂房纵轴线与岩层走向的夹角的增大,围岩的最大变形量和松弛区的深度表现为逐渐减小的趋势,且当厂房纵轴线与岩层走向的夹角超过一定角度后,其基本上无明显的减小趋势。对于陡倾角层状岩体,地下厂房设计时,建议洞室纵轴线与岩层走向的夹角不宜小于60°。
英文摘要:
      In order to study the stability of underground powerhouse with layered rock mass,numerical simulation was carried out based on the three-dimensional Distinct Element Code (3DEC). The influence of bedding attitude on the relaxation deformation characteristics of surrounding rock of underground powerhouse with layered rock mass was studied and the results have shown that when the bedding dip angle is less than 30°,the maximum deformation of surrounding rock occurs at the arch crown and bottom plate. However, when the dip angle is greater than 60°, the maximum deformation occurs at the side wall. Under the same conditions,with the increase of dip angle,the maximum deformation of the surrounding rock and the depth of the relaxation deformation zone (RDZ) increase first and then decrease,and reach the peak when dip angle reaches 60°~70°. With the increase of angle between the bedding strike and the longitudinal axis of the cavern, the maximum deformation and depth of RDZ decrease gradually. Moreover, such variation becomes stable when the angel is greater than a threshold angle. For the steeply inclined layered rock mass, when designing the underground powerhouse, it is suggested that the angle between the bedding strike and the longitudinal axis of the cavern should not be less than 60°.
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