杨晓静,孙洪泉,吕娟,徐宗学.东北三省典型气象灾害对粮食生产影响特征研究[J].中国水利水电科学研究院学报,2020,18(1):21-30
东北三省典型气象灾害对粮食生产影响特征研究
Impact of typical meteorological disasters on grain crop production over Northeastern China
投稿时间:2019-06-03  
DOI:10.13244/j.cnki.jiwhr.2020.01.003
中文关键词:  种植结构  种植面积  产量  灾害减产成数  脱钩关系
英文关键词:plantation structure  cultivated area  yield  comprehensive crop failure ratios of disasters  decoupling relationship
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFC1502404);中国水科院基本科研业务费项目(JZ0145B582017)
作者单位E-mail
杨晓静 中国水利水电科学研究院 防洪抗旱减灾研究所, 北京 100038
水利部防洪抗旱减灾工程技术研究中心, 北京 100038
北京师范大学水科学研究院, 北京 100875 
 
孙洪泉 中国水利水电科学研究院 防洪抗旱减灾研究所, 北京 100038
水利部防洪抗旱减灾工程技术研究中心, 北京 100038 
 
吕娟 中国水利水电科学研究院 防洪抗旱减灾研究所, 北京 100038
水利部防洪抗旱减灾工程技术研究中心, 北京 100038 
 
徐宗学 北京师范大学水科学研究院, 北京 100875
城市水循环与海绵城市技术北京市重点实验室, 北京 100875 
zxxu@bnu.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 24
全文下载次数: 28
中文摘要:
      基于改进后的Mann-Kendall趋势检验方法(MMK)对东北三省1949—2015年各省主要作物种植时序变化特征进行研究。利用1949—2015年该地区典型气象灾害(干旱、洪涝、低温、风雹、台风)的受灾、成灾及绝收面积构建对应灾害类型的灾害减产成数,并利用趋势分析、脱钩关系评价模型评价识别各类灾害对东北三省粮食生产的影响特征。研究结果表明:1949—2015年东北三省粮食作物种植面积比例降低趋势显著,典型作物产量由高到低为:玉米、稻谷、小麦及大豆,且四种作物产量均呈增加趋势。东北三省受灾害影响程度由高到低分别为:旱灾、洪涝、风雹、低温及台风。粮食种植面积和粮食产量与典型气象灾害间的脱钩关系相似,2000年以来东北三省旱灾和洪涝灾害与种植面积间以绝对脱钩关系为主。
英文摘要:
      Agricultural production suffered higher risk of meteorological disasters in the context of global climate change. Modified Mann-Kendall trend test(MMK) was employed to specify the temporal characteristics of main crop-plating over Northeastern China(NE) during 1949-2015. Meanwhile,comprehensive crop failure ratios of typical meteorological disasters (drought, flood, cryogenic disaster, hail, typhoon) were constructed separately based on damage area,inundated area and the total crop failure area. The trend analysis and decoupling relationship evaluation were applied to clarify the features of comprehensive crop failure ratios of typical meteorological disasters. The results indicate that the proportion of grain crops decrease significantly in the NE. Typical crops with their yields ranked from high to low were corn, rice, wheat and soybean. And the yields of all four crops showed an increasing trend. The extent of the five typical disasters was remarkably broader during 1949-2015. In terms of crop yield losses, the degree of disasters affected order from highest to lowest is drought,flood,hail,cryogenic disaster and typhoon. The decoupling relationship of typical meteorological disasters and the cultivated area of main crops was similar with the decoupling relationship type within the 5 disasters and main crop yield. Since 2000,the decoupling class of the drought/flood disasters and the cultivated area of main crops in the NE have been dominated by absolute decoupling.
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