王鸿翔,查胡飞,卓志宇,钱湛,郭文献.基于IHA-RVA法四水流域水文情势变化评估[J].中国水利水电科学研究院学报,2019,17(3):169-177
基于IHA-RVA法四水流域水文情势变化评估
The evaluation of hydrological regime in Four River Basins based on IHA-RVA method
投稿时间:2018-10-14  
DOI:10.13244/j.cnki.jiwhr.2019.03.002
中文关键词:  四水流域  水文情势  变动范围法  水文改变度
英文关键词:four river basins  hydrological regime  range of variability approach  hydrological change degree
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51679090,51609085,51779094);2016年度河南省高校科技创新人才支持计划项目(16HASTIT024);河南省科技攻关项目(162102110015);河南省基础与前沿技术研究计划项目(152300410113);湖南水利重大科技项目(湘水科计[2015]186—11)
作者单位E-mail
王鸿翔 华北水利水电大学, 河南 郑州 450011  
查胡飞 华北水利水电大学, 河南 郑州 450011  
卓志宇 湖南省水利水电勘测设计研究总院, 湖南 长沙 410007 37384065@qq.com 
钱湛 湖南省水利水电勘测设计研究总院, 湖南 长沙 410007  
郭文献 华北水利水电大学, 河南 郑州 450011  
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中文摘要:
      为了分析湘江、资江、沅水、澧水流域的水文情势变化情况,选取了湘潭、桃江、桃源和石门4个代表性水文站1959-2016年历史流量资料,应用Mann-Kendall法、累积距平法检验以及滑动T检验法分析湘、资、沅、澧四水的水文特征与水文突变点,并应用水文指标变动范围法(IHA-RVA)和水文改变度法综合评估了四水各站点突变前后水文指标改变程度。研究结果表明:(1)1959-2016年四水流域的湘潭、桃江、桃源站年均流量均呈不同程度的增长趋势,石门站呈降低趋势;湘潭、桃江、桃源、石门站各水文站年均流量变化的突变年份分别为1991、1987、1989和1973年。(2)通过对水文突变前后各水系的水文情势的大小、频率、历时、发生时间和变化率5组水文指标以及变化程度分析,4个站点水文整体改变度分别为36%、22%、35%和42%,其中只有桃江站改变度为低度改变其余3站都处于中度改变。该研究成果可为四水流域水文情势影响评价以及流域水生生态安全提供技术支撑。
英文摘要:
      In order to analyze the hydrological regimes of Xiangjiang, Zijiang, Yuanshui and Lishui, the his-torical flow data of 1959-2016 at Xiangtan, Taojiang, Taoyuan and Shimen hydrological station were select-ed. The hydrologic characteristics and the mutation points of the four rivers were analyzed by Mann-Kend-all method, cumulative anomaly test and sliding T test. Range of Variability Approach (RVA) and hydrolog-ic change degree method were used to evaluate the change degree of hydrological indictors of the four riv-ers. The results show that the average annual flow of Xiangtan, Taojiang and Taoyuan station during 1959 to 2016 havs shown an increasing trend and the Shimen station has shown a decreasing trend. The abrupt junction of average annual flow at Xiangtan, Taojiang, Taoyuan and Shimen station is 1991, 1987, 1989 and 1973, respectively. The overall degree of hydrological alternation belongs to moderate and low alterna-tion. The alternation degree of Xiangtan, Taojiang, Taoyuan and Shimen station was 36%, 22%, 35% and 42%, respectively. The research can provide the technical support for the hydrological regime assessment of the four river basins and the security of river ecosystem.
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