徐海亮.地理环境与中国古代传统水利[J].中国水利水电科学研究院学报,2004,(2):
地理环境与中国古代传统水利
The geographical environment and traditional water conservancy culture in ancient China
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  中国古代  传统水利  地理环境
英文关键词:ancient China  geographical environment  traditional water conservancy
基金项目:
作者单位
徐海亮 中国水利水电科学研究院防洪减灾所北京100038 
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中文摘要:
      本文从中国历史水利的实情, 阐发对马克思某些论述的精神实质的理解; 认为应从唯物的天人关系, 即环境与人类水利意识的关系, 去认识中国传统水利文化的特征与地理环境的关系。由于中国治水的特定因素,几千年来形成的水利文化是以能动的天人关系为主体的, 中国人从谐合自然- 特别是征服自然中获取了深邃的自然哲理、社会哲理, 从而也获得了巨大的社会实践推动力。观念形态的传统水利, 表现为它是封建主义的国家水利, 它与区域性经济发展紧密相连, 它是封建主义的自然经济水利, 在特定的地理环境和历史条件下形成中国古代的特型水利文化。
英文摘要:
      By reviewing the historical water conservancy practice in ancient China, the author expounded his understanding on Marx‘s discourses of the effects of geographical environment on water conservancy culture in China. The author tried to explain from materialism point of view the essence of the traditional water conservancy culture?? s features and its relation with geographical environment as well as interaction between human and nature. It was understood that under the peculiar circumstance of Chinese geographical environment and feudalism historical conditions, the peculiar traditional water conservancy culture has been formed and evolved. It was closely related with regional economic development.
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